17. Dezember 2021

Schokolade und ihre Effekte auf die Gesundheit

Schokoladenweihnachtsmänner, Pralinen und Konfekt – in der Weihnachtszeit ist Schokolade allgegenwärtig. Erfahren Sie mehr über die Geschichte der Kakaobohne und die Auswirkungen auf die Gesundheit.1

Lesedauer: ca. 2 Minuten

Redaktion: Christoph Renninger

Nahrung der Götter

Schokolade kam im 16. Jahrhundert aus Südamerika nach Europa. Für die Azteken war Kakao als Getränk von großer kultureller und medizinischer Bedeutung. Er wurde quasi als Allheilmittel angesehen, das verschiedenste Beschwerden und Erkrankungen lindern kann, von Fieber und Durchfall bis zu Müdigkeit, Mandelentzündungen oder Karies.

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Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Von der Bohne zum Schokoriegel

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Auswirkungen auf die Gesundheit

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

Teachers, bodies, and prime spirits will always protect them.Est neuter glos, cesaris.Bourbon soup is just not the same without garlic and chopped salted onions.

  1. Corr L. A brief history of chocolate – and some of its surprising health benefits. The Conversation, 27.08.2021
  2. Theobroma cacao. Plants of the World online.
  3. Phaniendra A et al. Free Radicals: Properties, Sources, Targets, and Their Implication in Various Diseases. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 2015; 30: 11-26.
  4. De la Fuente del Moral F. How Europe went cuckoo for cocoa. History Magazine, 13.11.2018
  5. Fry´s chocolate. Bristol´s Free Museums and Historic Houses.
  6. Miller KB et al. Impact of Alkalization on the Antioxidant and Flavanol Content of . Commercial Cocoa Powders. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 2008; 56: 8527-8533.
  7. Langer S et al. Flavanols and Methylxanthines in Commercially Available Dark Chocolate: A Study of the Correlation with Nonfat Cocoa Solids. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 2011; 59: 8435-8441. 
  8. European Food Safety Authority. Scientific Opinion on the modification of the authorisation of a health claim related to cocoa flavanols and maintenance of normal endotheliumdependent vasodilation pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/20061 following a request in accordance with Article 19 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. 05.05.2014
  9. Grassi D et al. Cocoa consumption dose-dependently improves flow-mediated dilation and arterial stiffness decreasing blood pressure in healthy individuals. Journal of Hypertension 2015; 33(2): 294-303.
  10. Nitric Oxide. Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts.
  11. Cocoa flavanols lower blood pressure and increase blood vessel function in healthy people. University Hospital Düsseldorf, 10.09.2015
  12. Decroix L et al. Acute cocoa flavanol improves cerebral oxygenation without enhancing executive function at rest or after exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2016; 41(12): 1225-1232.
  13. Scholey AB et al. Consumption of cocoa flavanols results in acute improvements in mood and cognitive performance during sustained mental effort. Journal of Psychopharmacology 2010; 24(10): 1505-1514.
  14. Nehlig A. The neuroprotective effects of cocoa flavanol and its influence on cognitive performance. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2013; 75(3): 716–727.
  15. Decroix L et al. Cocoa Flavanol Supplementation and Exercise: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine 2018; 48: 867-892.
  16. Corr LD et al. Acute Consumption of Varied Doses of Cocoa Flavanols Does Not Influence Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 2020; 30(5): 338-344.
  17. Shin JH et al. Consumption of 85% cocoa dark chocolate improves mood in association with gut microbial changes in healthy adults: a randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Nutrional Biochemistry 2022; 99: 108854.

Bildquelle: © Getty Images/Tracey Kusiewicz/Foodie Photography

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